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11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
(11:4-6) These verses clearly show that the mass murder of innocent children by God (see 12:29-30) was premeditated.
God will kill the Egyptian children to show that he puts “a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.”
11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.
God explains to Moses that he has been hardening Pharaoh’‘s heart so that Pharaoh will not let the Israelites go. God says that this way he’‘ll be able to show off his latest signs and wonders (by murdering little children).
God hardens Pharaoh’‘s heart one last time “so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.” But this contradicts 1 Samuel 6:6, which says that the Pharaoh hardened his own heart.
Who hardened Pharaoh’‘s heart?